Track Categories

The track category is the heading under which your abstract will be reviewed and later published in the conference printed matters if accepted. During the submission process, you will be asked to select one track category for your abstract.

Smart materials are designed materials that have one or more properties that can be significantly changed in a controlled fashion by external stimuli, such as stress, temperature, moisture, pH, electric or magnetic fields and depending on the stimuli they are classified in to different types. There are a number of types of smart materials, of which are already common. Some examples are piezoelectric materials, Shape memory alloys and also the smart materials can be classified in to active smart materials and passive smart materials.

  • Track 1-1 Piezoelectric materials
  • Track 1-2 Magnetostrictive materials
  • Track 1-3 Magnetic shape memory alloys
  • Track 1-4 Smart inorganic polymers
  • Track 1-5 pH sensitive polymers
  • Track 1-6 Temperature responsive polymers
  • Track 1-7 Halochromic materials
  • Track 1-8 Chromogenic systems
  • Track 1-9 Self heating materials
  • Track 1-10 Dielectric elastomers

smart structure is a system that incorporates particular functions of sensing and actuation to perform smart actions in an in genius way. Smart structures offer the ability to match the conditions for more than one optimum state thereby extending functionality.The smart structures based in sophistication are again classified in to different types.Ceramicspolymers ,metals and alloys ,rubber technologies ,fibers ,composite materials, green buildings, bridges and tunnels are some smart structures.Smart structures can help us to control the environment better and to increase the energy efficiency of devices.

  • Track 2-1 Sensory structures
  • Track 2-2 Adaptive structures
  • Track 2-3 Intelligent structures
  • Track 2-4 Controlled structures
  • Track 2-5 Active structures

Nano technology is rapidly entering the world of  smart materials and taking them to the next level. Perhaps future nanotechnology enabled smart materials may be able to change and recombine much like the shape shifting cyborg in the movie Terminator 2. Initial nano technology influenced improvements to smart materials will be relatively simple changes to existing technologies.The future however possibilities for extremely complex solutions for producing not only smart materials but ones that are highly intelligent.These new materials may in corporate nano sensors ,nano computers and nano machines in to their structure Smart nano materials are expected to make their presence strongly felt in areas like Health care, smart textiles and security systems.

 

 

  • Track 3-1 Healthcare
  • Track 3-2 Implants and prosthetics
  • Track 3-3 Energy generation and conservation with highly efficient batteries
  • Track 3-4 Security and Terrorism Defense
  • Track 3-5 Smart textiles
  • Track 3-6 Surveillance using Smart-dust

Robotics is an interdisciplinary branch of engineering and science that includes mechanical engineering, electronics engineering, computer science. It deals with the design, construction, operation, and use of robots, as well as computer systems for their control, sensory feedback, and information processing. A robot is a reprogrammable, multifunctional manipulator designed to move material, parts, tools or specialized devices through variable programmed motions for the performance of a variety of tasks.Today, robotics is a rapidly growing field, as technological advances continue; researching, designing, and building new robots serve various practical purposes, whether domestically, commercially, or militarily. Many robots are built to do jobs that are hazardous to people such as defusing bombs, finding survivors in unstable ruins, and exploring mines and shipwrecks

 

  • Track 4-1Adaptive Control
  • Track 4-2Aerial Robots
  • Track 4-3Artificial Intelligence
  • Track 4-4Autonomous Cars
  • Track 4-5Behaviour Based Robots
  • Track 4-6Bio-Inspired Robots
  • Track 4-7Robot Control
  • Track 4-8Human- Robot Interaction

 

shape-memory alloy (SMA, smart metal, memory metal, memory alloy, muscle wire, smart alloy) is an alloy that "remembers" its original shape and that when deformed returns to its pre-deformed shape when heated. This material is a lightweight, solid-state alternative to conventional actuators such as hydraulic, pneumatic and motor-based systems. Shape-memory alloys have applications in robotics and automotiveaerospace and bio medical industries. Shape Memory Effect is the unique ability of materials to be severely deformed and then return to their original shape through stimulus which is possessed by the shape memory alloys and hence they are called so. There are many application of shape memory alloys in Bio engineering.

  • Track 5-1 Helicopter blades
  • Track 5-2Reinforcement for Arteries and Veins
  • Track 5-3Eyeglass Frames
  • Track 5-4Tubes, Wires, and Ribbons
  • Track 5-5Dental wires
  • Track 5-6Adaptive Control
  • Track 5-7Anti-scalding protection
  • Track 5-8 Fire security and Protection systems
  • Track 5-9 Golf Clubs

 

With increase in development of  artificial intelligence (AI) and robotics technology, automation is at a tipping point. Today, robots are able to perform many simple and complex functions without considerable human intervention. Automated technologies are not only executing iterative tasks, but also augmenting workforce capabilities significantly.

In fact, automated machines are expected to replace almost half of the global workforce. Multiple industries, from manufacturing to banking, are adopting automation to drive productivity, safety, profitability, and quality. The future of automation looks promising where everything will be made accessible and easily available.

  • Track 6-1Loss of Human Jobs?
  • Track 6-2Technology and time
  • Track 6-3Trust and Production
  • Track 6-4Revenue on future products
  • Track 6-5Future outlook

 

Smart materials must possess some important properties like technical properties, including mechanical properties such as plastic flow, fatigue and yield strength and behavioural characteristics such as damage tolerance, electrical, heat and fire resistance. They must also possess technological properties, encompassing manufacturing, forming, welding abilities, thermal processing, waste level, workability, automation and repair capacities. Economic criteria, related to raw material and production costs, supply expenses and availability. Environmental characteristics including features such as toxicity and pollution. Sustainable development criteria, implying reuse and recycling capacities.

 

  • Track 7-1Mechanical properties
  • Track 7-2Thermal properties
  • Track 7-3Optical properties
  • Track 7-4Magnetic properties
  • Track 7-5Electrical properties

Shape memory alloys (SMA) are materials that have the ability to return to a former shape when deformed, they return to their pre-deformed shape when heated this effect is known as shape memory effect and this brings the applications of smart materials in the medical field like cardiovascular applications where the filters can be inserted inside the human body which when the saline solution flow is stopped the filter returns in to its former shape and also the atrial hole is sealed with the help of atrial septal occlusion device which also works on the shape memory effect. In Orthopaedic applications, SMA has a large value. The spinal vertebra spacer is one. The insertion of this spacer between two vertebrae assures the local reinforcement of the spinal vertebrae and SMA have their applications related to surgical instruments in the concept of less invasive surgical procedures following this tendency, shape memory surgical instruments have been created

 

  • Track 8-1 Spinal vertebra spacer
  • Track 8-2 Surgical instruments applications
  • Track 8-3 Shape memory surgical instruments
  • Track 8-4 Shape memory alloys
  • Track 8-5 Cardiovascular applications
  • Track 8-6 Shape refining filters
  • Track 8-7Orthopaedic applications

smart actuator is defined as the integrated actuator of all components such as a motor, controller, sensors, and a communication unit. The robot which is linked to a smart actuator can be assembled or disassembled and reconfigured. Smart sensors take the input and use built-in compute resources to perform predefined functions they enable more accuracy and also they will have less erroneous noise among the accurately recorded information. These devices help in monitoring and controlling mechanisms in a wide variety of environments and also help in complex science applications

  • Track 9-1 Accurate and precise
  • Track 9-2 Less erroneous noise
  • Track 9-3 Monitoring mechanism
  • Track 9-4 Controlling mechanism
  • Track 9-5 Complex science applications

 

Smart textiles that revolutionize our lives. Clothes that monitor your health or measure your movements. Technology that makes it possible to recycle and reuse textile fibres. The textile industry is about to take a giant step. Textile innovations improve people’s everyday lives and benefit the industry, the health care sector and the environment. Smart Textiles is that innovation environment in Northern Europe. Today, the research community, the business community, institutions and the public sector come together to find the solutions of the future. The health and beauty industry is also taking advantage of these innovations, which range from drug-releasing medical textiles to fabric with moisturizer, perfume, and anti-ageing properties. Much smart clothing, wearable technology, and wearable computing projects involve the use of e-textiles

 

  • Track 10-1Smart Garments
  • Track 10-2Fibretronics
  • Track 10-3Wearable Computing
  • Track 10-4Health Monitoring
  • Track 10-5Sports Training

 

Global Industry Perspective, Comprehensive Analysis, and Forecast, 2016 – 2022”. According to the report, global smart materials market was valued at USD 37.8 billion in 2016 and is expected to reach USD 70.85 billion in 2022, growing at a CAGR of 11.1% between 2017 and 2022. Increasing demand for piezoelectric devices in the different end-user application is likely to trigger the smart materials market. These devices are used in industries such as medical devices, robotics, information, automotive, information technology and telecommunication with shares over 50 %. With the fastest growth in the market of shape memory alloys, the products are emerging like stents, dental braces, medical textiles with the increased emergence. Million dollars of revenues are obtained from the Product outlook, Application outlook and regional outlook.

  • Track 11-1 Huge Market among end user industries
  • Track 11-2 Piezo-electric devices with shares over 50%
  • Track 11-3 Fastest growth in the market of (SMA)
  • Track 11-4 Collection of revenues

 

Smart materials have properties that react to changes in their environment hence there are many possibilities for such materials and structures in the manmade world and also  Office of Science and Technology Foresight Programme has stated that "Smart materials will have an increasing range of applications in the future"these kinds of materials have their applications like embedding sensors within structures to monitor stress and damage in the field of Structural health monitoring and also like embedding thin tubes containing uncured resin into materials which further on breakage of tubes fills any damage sets helping in Self-repair. They also have their applications in the field of Defence and space to suppress vibrations and change speed in the helicopter rotor blades. In Nuclear Industries these materials offer opportunities for safety enhancement, personal exposure reduction, life-cycle cost reduction. They also have the wide range of applications in the field of Structural engineering and reducing wastes

  • Track 12-1 Reducing wastes
  • Track 12-2 Structural health monitoring
  • Track 12-3 Self repair
  • Track 12-4 Defence and Space
  • Track 12-5 Nuclear Industries
  • Track 12-6 Structural engineering.

 

Smart materials have many applications in different fields of medicine and engineering and also the rise in demand for the smart materials is enough to believe that there is a great scope for the smart materials in the future. The development of true smart materials at the atomic scale is still some way off, although the enabling technologies are under development. Worldwide, considerable effort is being deployed to develop smart materials and structures and the technological benefits of such systems have begun to be identified and, demonstrators are under construction for a wide range of applications from space and aerospace, to civil engineering and domestic products these systems are recognized as a strategic technology for the future, having considerable potential for development of unknown products and performance enhancement of existing products in industrial sectors which is the future of smart materials and also creates many job opportunities  in this sector.

 

  • Track 13-1 Performance enhancement
  • Track 13-2 Innovation (Unknown products)
  • Track 13-3 Medical and engineering fields
  • Track 13-4 Strategic technology for the future
  • Track 13-5 New Job opportunities in this sector

 

Carbon fibres are the smart materials that are useful in the structural applications. The carbon filaments are bundle of many thousand carbon filaments which are made of pure carbon in the form of graphite these materials are distinguished by their extremely high strength and rigidity which is the most important requirement in the structural constructions also they are exceptionally durable, high resistant to corrosion, low density, excellent damping properties with a high resistance to impacts. The use of carbon fibres in construction has become a reality and many applications have been reported so far. The electrical conductivity of these carbon fibres is also interesting because the conductivity of concrete increases drastically when it is reinforced with such fibres so that they help in the cathodic protection of degraded structures.

  • Track 14-1 High strength
  • Track 14-2 Excellent damping properties
  • Track 14-3 Exceptionally durable
  • Track 14-4 High resistant to corrosion
  • Track 14-5 High resistance to impacts
  • Track 14-6 Protection of degraded structures

 

Smart materials incorporate intelligence into systems which make that system or object "smart" these smart objects and systems are also used in military applications which help them in many ways like building a smart combat suit which acts as a body Armor that can detect threats, Wearable electronics communicate with net-centre room and get updates for better situational awareness. Soldiers can also wear smart T-shirts made of special tactile material that can detect a variety of signals from the human body such as detection of hits by bullets. It can also generate signal which indicates nature of injury, analyse their extent, decide on the urgency to react, and even takes some action to stabilize the injury.

  • Track 15-1 Detection of hits by bullets
  • Track 15-2 Detection of signals
  • Track 15-3 Intelligence to analyze the injury
  • Track 15-4 Detects threats in the way
  • Track 15-5 Helps in communication

Smart gels contain fluids (usually water) in a matrix of large, complex polymers.  These polymers are special in that they respond to stimuli in an advanced way.  Types of stimuli that affect smart gels are physical and chemical factors. Applications of smart gels permeate into many various fields including both medical and industrial.  While smart gels are in their infancy in the medical field, there is great promise for the technology. Self-healing hydro gels are a specialized type of polymer Hydrogels. A hydrogel is a macro-molecular polymer gel constructed of a network of cross-linked polymer chains. Self-healing refers to the spontaneous formation of new bonds when old bonds are broken within a material. These flesh-like properties have motivated the research and development of self-healing hydro gels in fields such as reconstructive Tissue engineering as scaffolding, as well as use in passive and preventive applications.

  • Track 16-1 Responds in an advanced way
  • Track 16-2 Medical and industrial applications
  • Track 16-3 Spontaneous bond formation
  • Track 16-4 Sealants and acid leaks
  • Track 16-5 Tissue engineering and regeneration
  • Track 16-6 Drug delivery

Energy harvesting is emerging as a viable method for electronic devices to pull ambient energy from their surrounding environment and convert it into electrical energy for stored power. A group of Smart materials known as "electro strictive polymers" have been explored for years by researchers for their potential mechanical energy harvesting abilities.Electrostrictive polymers are a variety of electroactive polymers that deform due to the electrostatic and polarization interaction between two electrodes with opposite electric charge

  • Track 17-1 High energy density for low electric field
  • Track 17-2 Less losses
  • Track 17-3 High working frequencies
  • Track 17-4 Lower cost, lighter weight
  • Track 17-5 Simple construction with smaller size

Medical literature is suggesting that regular sun exposure is associated with substantial decrease in death rates from certain cancers and a decrease in overall Cancer death rates. Sunlight activation is our most effective source of vitamin D and regular sunlight/vitamin D "intake" inhibits growth of breast and colon cancer cells and is associated with substantial decreases in death rates from these cancers. So how does one know how much sun exposure is enough? The device that can notify users of their total exposure, allowing them to achieve a balance has been developed. When the sensor turns orange, the user has reached the World Health Organization recommended daily dose of Vitamin D

  • Track 18-1 Small and easy to wear
  • Track 18-2 All type skin compatible
  • Track 18-3 Easy operative
  • Track 18-4 Noticable color changes
  • Track 18-5 User friendly