Sustainable Energy and Development
The exploitation of natural resources due to the increase in world population has created a worldwide energy demand. Smart materials give hope for renewable energy sources, thermoelectrical devices, energy storage in batteries, supercapacitors, energy conversion and energy smart conservation through star cells and fuel cells. For the upcoming growth to give way for effective production and energy storage, Semiconductor devices have replaced low-pressure tubes and from these semiconductor materials diodes, light-weight emitting diodes (LEDs), transistors, have emerged for energy efficiency.
- Solar home system, dryers, cookers
- thermal power generation,
- water heaters